• Certificate in Shipping Operations and Practices (Level 4)

Practice of Shipping

Main aims of the Unit

The main aim of this unit is to introduce learners to the operation of shipping lines with particular emphasis on shipping and port procedures. The unit will also introduce the requirements of different types of vessels and the approaches to be considered in order to discharge cargoes.

Learning Outcomes for the Unit

Upon successful completion of the course students will be able to:

  • Describe the different types of trading ships and their work.
  • Explain the significance of tonnages
  • Describe the composition of a ship’s crew and the methods adopted to ensure their safety.
  • Describe the fundamental concepts of stability, buoyancy, centre of gravity and flotation
  • Describe and account for the procedures adopted for ships entering and leaving port.
  • Explain the principles of communication on board ship.
  • Give an account of the nature and purpose of classification societies.
  • Describe the services of shipping organisations

Learning and teaching methods/strategies used to enable the achievement of learning outcomes:

Learning takes place on a number of levels through lectures, class discussion including problem review and analysis. Formal lectures provide a foundation of information on which the student builds through directed learning and self managed learning outside of the class. The students are actively encouraged to form study groups to discuss course material which fosters a greater depth learning experience.

Entry Requirements

  • Three GCSE’s / GCE`O’ levels and one `A’ level or equivalent qualification, or,
  • An approved Foundation Certificate

Relevant experience is taken into consideration for students 21 years of age and over who have not completed any formal qualifications.

Main Topics of Study

  • Nautical words and phrases in common use
  • Abbreviations
  • Documentation
  • Stability
  • Buoyancy
  • Centre of gravity
  • Flotation
  • Passenger vessels
  • General cargo ships
  • Bulk carriers
  • Tankers parcel carriers
  • Container ships
  • Ore carriers, and chemical tankers
  • Liquefied gas carriers
  • Tonnages
  • Load lines
  • Free board loading scales
  • Calibration tables
  • Stowage of cargo
  • Load line zones
  • Fresh water allowance
  • Stowage factors
  • Stowage plans.
  • Appliances in common use; contamination risks and their avoidance
  • Tallying and measuring cargo
  • Dry bulk carrier
  • Arrival and departure of ships
  • Custom procedure; documentation; names and duties of various port officials.
  • Role of master.
  • Officers and crew and their respective duties
  • Manning scales
  • Training of crew members prior to joining vessel
  • International Association of Classification Societies
  • International Chamber of Shipping
  • International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations
  • Lloyd’s Register of Shipping
  • Nautical Institute
  • World Trade Organisation
  • Baltic Exchange
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • I.M.O, D.T. documents and regulations
  • Government and shipping organisations
  • MSC
  • MEPC
  • Procedures followed by vessel entering and leaving port
  • Infra- structure of ports
  • Function and background
  • INMARSAT
  • Inward/outward clearance

Indicative Reading for this Unit

Main Text

Elements of Shipping A. Branch, M. Robarts (Routledge)

Alternative Text and further reading

Sea Transport P.M. Alderton (Thomas Reed Publications)

Guideline for Teaching and learning time
(10 hours per credit)

50 Hours - Lectures / Seminars / Tutorials / Workshops:

Tutorial support includes feedback on assignments and may vary by college according to local needs and wishes.

50 Hours - Directed learning:

Advance reading and preparation / Class preparation / Background reading / Group study / Portfolio / Diary etc

100 Hours - Self managed learning:

Working through the course text and completing assignments as required will take up the bulk of the learning time. In addition students are expected to engage with the tutor and other students and to undertake further reading using the web and/or libraries.

Assessment methods

Final Examination: 70%
Coursework: 30%